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T in the Park Festival
  • Rock
  • indie
  • electronic
  • pop
DatesSecond weekend of July (3 days)
Location(s)Strathclyde Park, Hamilton, Scotland
Balado, Kinross-shire, Scotland
Strathallan Castle, Auchterarder, Scotland
Years active1994–present

T in the Park festival is a major Scottish music festival that has been held almost annually since 1994 (the event did not take place in 2017). It is named after its main sponsor, the brewing company Tennents. The event was originally held at Strathclyde Park, Lanarkshire but was held at the disused Balado airfield, Kinross-shire from 1997 to 2014. In 2015 the festival moved to Strathallan Castle, Strathallan, Perthshire. Originally a two-day event, the festival became a three-day event in 2007. Promoted by DF Concerts, the event attracts up to 255,000 people, along with 70,000 campers.


  • 1 History
    • 1.1 Move from Balado to Strathallan
    • 1.2 Brewing
  • 2 1994 festival
    • 2.1 Main stage
    • 2.2 King Tut's Tent
  • 3 1995 festival
    • 3.1 Main stage
    • 3.2 King Tut's Tent
  • 4 1996 festival
    • 4.1 Main stage
    • 4.2 NME Stage
    • 4.3 Dance Tent
    • 4.4 King Tut's Tent
  • 5 1997 festival
    • 5.1 Main stage
    • 5.2 NME Stage
    • 5.3 Slam Muzik Tent
    • 5.4 Radio 1 Eve Sesh
  • 6 1998 festival
    • 6.1 Main stage
    • 6.2 NME Stage
    • 6.3 Slam Tent
    • 6.4 Radio 1 Eve Sesh
  • 7 1999 festival
    • 7.1 Main stage
    • 7.2 Stage 2
    • 7.3 Slam Tent
    • 7.4 King Tut's Tent
  • 8 2000 festival
  • 9 2001 festival
  • 10 2002 festival
  • 11 2003 festival
  • 12 2004 festival
  • 13 2005 festival
  • 14 2006 festival
  • 15 2007 festival
  • 16 2008 festival
  • 17 2009 festival
  • 18 2010 festival
  • 19 2011 festival
  • 20 2012 festival
  • 21 2013 'T20' festival
  • 22 2014 festival
  • 23 2015 festival
  • 24 2016 festival
    • 24.1 Main Stage
    • 24.2 Radio One Summer Of Dance Stage/Radio 1 Stage
    • 24.3 King Tut's Wah Wah Tent
    • 24.4 Slam Tent
    • 24.5 T Break Stage
  • 25 See also
  • 26 References
  • 27 External links


The festival was founded in 1994 by Stuart Clumpas and Geoff Ellis,[1] as part of a joint venture between DF Concerts and Tennent's Lager with some help from Irish promotions company MCD Productions.[2] Stuart Clumpas left as an organiser in 2001, selling his commercial interests in the concert.[3][4]

Current festival director Geoff Ellis was involved from the start. Ellis came to Scotland in 1992 to manage King Tut's Wah Wah Hut in Glasgow. He organised the first T in the Park festival in 1994 with a smattering of bands playing to 17,000 people at its original site at Strathclyde Park, Lanarkshire.[5] The festival was held there for three years until 1997, where it was held at the disused Balado airfield, Kinross-shire. After moving to Balado the festival grew larger and by 2003, the festival was attracting up to 255,000 people; 110,000 over the weekend.[2]

The festival was originally a two-day event until 2007, when the Friday became a mainstay event for live music. However, the 2007 festival was criticised by many festival-goers who missed acts on the Friday due to huge traffic jams of 10 miles on the A91 and A977 leading to Kinross.[6] To prevent a repeat of the traffic chaos, in 2008 organisers allowed a limited number of campers to pitch up on the Thursday in order to cut the number of cars on the roads on the Friday.[7] By extending the festival over a full three days, it began to grow rapidly, becoming the second-largest greenfield festival in the United Kingdom, and the fifth-largest in the world in terms of attendance, with over 85,000 people on site everyday.[8]

As of 2013, it attracted up to 255,000 people over three days, drawing fans from across Britain and Europe.[5] According to DF Concerts, 20% of the crowd is made up of visitors from outside Scotland, with about 2% attending from overseas.[9] In recent years, the festival has shared much of its line-up with Oxegen, a festival that takes place on the same weekend in County Kildare, Ireland. Acts usually play T in the Park one day and Oxegen the next, or vice versa. In an attempt to boost ticket sales, the 2014 festival saw an extension of the acts' duration on stage. On the Friday, the acts were scheduled to start around lunchtime as opposed to 5 pm; and the Saturday headliners to finish at 1 am.[10]

Move from Balado to Strathallan

The 2014 festival was the last to take place at the Balado site. Despite having run on the same site since 1997, safety concerns were expressed about the Forties Pipeline, which runs directly underneath the former Balado airfield.[11]

In 2015 the festival moved 20.54 miles to the Strathallan Castle Estate in the neighbouring county of Perthshire.[12] The 2016 event was marred by the deaths of three festival-goers and reports of anti-social behaviour problems at the campsite. This led festival bosses to cancel the 2017 event, making the festival's future uncertain.[13]


Tennents Lager is brewed just 36 hours before T in the Park at the Wellpark Brewery in Glasgow, 44 miles from Balado. Nearly all the lager is brewed specifically for the weekend. More than 3 million pints of lager have been consumed at the festival since 1994.[9]

An innovative bar-cup recycling scheme was introduced in 2006 paying a 10p deposit on every empty pint container brought back to a designated recycling point.[9]

1994 festival

The first T in the Park was held on Saturday 30 July – Sunday 31 July 1994 at Strathclyde Country park. The site had a capacity for 17,000 people on each of the two days, with just 2000 choosing to camp.[14]

The Caledonia Stage, was introduced to showcase up and coming new bands. A band called Glass Onion played over the weekend who would later be better known as Travis.

1995 festival

Was held on Saturday 5 August – Sunday 6 August 1995 at Strathclyde Country park. This was the first year there was a sell out on one of the days. Noel Gallagher joined Paul Weller on stage, while Kermit from the Black Grapes' had broken his ankle earlier in the day but refused to go to hospital instead performed with the rest of the band whilst sitting down on the stage.

The Dance Tent was introduced this year, but no official line was used, it became the Slam Tent in 1997.

1996 festival

Was held on Saturday 13 July – Sunday 14 July 1996, and was the last time at Strathclyde Country park. The Saturday was a sell out for the first time in advance. Radiohead closed the Main Stage on Saturday night and Pulp closing on the Sunday. This was also the year that Keanu Reeves arrived on a shuttle bus to play the festival with his band Dogstar, and Joe Strummer busked in the campsite

Caledonia Stage was renamed the T Break, where unsigned acts from across Scotland are given a platform to showcase their music at T in the Park. Each year, a panel made up of music industry experts hand-picked 16 artists from over a thousand entries to platform.[15]

1997 festival

In 1997, T in the Park moved from Strathclyde Park to its home for the next 17 years, Balado near Kinross, on a disused Airfield, and was held on Saturday 12 July – Sunday 13 July 1997. This was The Slam Tent’s first year, while The campsite grown to over 25,000.

1998 festival

T In The Park 1998 was held on Saturday 11 July 1998 – Sunday 12 July 1998. Large television screens were used to all football fans to watch the 1998 World cup final.

Line up included;

1999 festival

It was held on Saturday 10 July 1999 and Sunday 11 July 1999, with 50,000 people per day. Two days before, It was revealed few tickets were still available for the Sunday performances.[16]

2000 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2000

This was held on Saturday 8 and Sunday 9 July 2000, with 50,000 people attending. It was Travis' first appearance, as an unsigned band closed the Main Stage. It was All Saints' last Scottish appearance.

2001 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2001

T in the park 2001 was held between Saturday 7th to Sunday 8 July 2001, with approximately 50,000 people attending.

2002 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2002

The 2002 event attracted approximately 50,000 people on both the Saturday and Sunday.

2003 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2003

The 2003 event attracted approximately 55,000 people on both the Saturday and Sunday, with REM and Coldplay.

2004 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2004

The 2004 edition attracted approximately 60,000 people on both the Saturday and Sunday. The two biggest stages being the Main Stage and the NME Stage, along with four tents which included the Slam Tent and the King Tut's Tent.

2005 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2005

Tickets for the 2005 event sold out in record time, just four days after going on sale, five months in advance of the festival. The event saw around 69,000 people a day watching more than 170 bands over 10 stages. It was named best festival in that year's UK Festival Awards, beating the Glastonbury Festival for the first time.

2006 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2006

Tickets for the 2006 festival went on sale at 9am on 17 February 2006. The event sold out in under an hour, a record time for the festival.[17] An additional 12,000 day tickets were placed on sale on 3 June 2006, which sold out in ten minutes.[18] Approximately 69,000 tickets were sold for each day.[19] Following the sellout, weekend camping tickets appeared on internet auction sites for as much as £700.[17]

2007 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2007

The 2007 festival took place on the 6, 7 and 8 July 2007 – the first time the festival had been held over three days. The first 35,000 tickets went on sale shortly after the 2006 festival and were sold within 70 minutes. The final batch of tickets, released on 9 March, sold out in less than 20 minutes. The event was overshadowed by traffic chaos on the A91 due to the closure of the main car park following heavy rain.

2008 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2008

The 2008 festival took place on the 11, 12 and 13 July 2008. It was announced that the campsite would open on 10 July 2008 to avoid a repeat of the previous year's traffic problems. The bands headlining the 2008 event were Rage Against the Machine, The Verve and R.E.M. on the Main Stage and The Chemical Brothers, Kaiser Chiefs and The Prodigy on the Radio 1 / NME Stage.

2009 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2009

The 2009 festival took place over three days between the 10 and 12 July, with over 180 acts performing to a crowd of 85,000 people. As with the 2008 festival, the campsite opened on the Thursday evening to prevent traffic queues forming on the Friday. The first batch of "early bird" tickets sold out in ten hours on 15 July 2008 and on 27 February 2009, NME announced that camping tickets for the event had already sold out.[20]

2010 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2010

Tickets for the 2010 event were made available on 26 February 2010,[21] selling out in 90 minutes.[22] The event was headlined by Muse, Eminem and Kasabian.[23]

2011 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2011

The 2011 festival took place between 7–11 July 2011. Arctic Monkeys, Coldplay, Foo Fighters and Beyoncé were the headliners for the weekend. It is the eighteenth festival to take place. The Strokes played on the Radio 1 NME stage on the Saturday. Blink-182 cancelled as they were unable to produce their new album in time for their European tour.[24] On 5 May, Beyoncé was added to the line-up, and played on Saturday the 9th.[25] Other artists such as Deadmau5 and Pendulum played at T in the Park 2011.

2012 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2012

The 2012 festival took place between 6–8 July 2012. As usual presale tickets went on sale shortly after the conclusion of the 2011 event, on 12 July 2011, with another allocation of "early bird" tickets going on sale to the general public two days later, on 14 July 2011. The Stone Roses were announced as the first headline act on 8 November, three weeks before the second release tickets went on sale.[26] On 30 November, Vodafone customers who were signed up to the "Vodafone VIP" site were granted access to a pre-sale. The next day, T-Lady subscribers and past festival goers were also given access to the pre-sale. The second release tickets, equivalent to half of the venues capacity, went on sale to the general public on 2 December at 9am, hours later allocation was exhausted. [27] Festival director, Geoff Ellis said that he was "delighted by the response from fans" and also noted that he "can’t wait to see everyone at Balado next year."

2013 'T20' festival

Main article: T in the Park 2013

The 2013 festival took place between 11–14 July 2013 and was advertised as T20 due to the festival's 20th anniversary. 'Early Bird' tickets went on sale Friday 13 July 2012 at 9am on the Ticketmaster website.[28] The Killers, Rihanna and Mumford and Sons headlined in 2013, alongside other large acts including Emeli Sandé, The Script, Jake Bugg, Alt-J, Of Monsters and Men,Twin Atlantic, Two Door Cinema Club and Azealia Banks. The second batch of tickets went on sale on 7 December at 9am. The final batch went on sale on 22 February at 9 am. On 13 February 2013, German electronic band Kraftwerk were added to the line-up.

2014 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2014

The 2014 festival took place between 10–13 July 2014. The festival was to be the last at the Balado site due to the Forties pipeline system issue involving gas pipes that run underneath the field.

Sheffield rockers, Arctic Monkeys were announced first as headline act and closed the festival on Sunday, with Scotland's Biffy Clyro and Calvin Harris headlining Friday and Saturday. Other acts on the bill include Pixies, Ed Sheeran, Paolo Nutini, Paul Weller, The Human League, Pharrell Williams, Ellie Goulding, Tinie Tempah, Franz Ferdinand, Elbow, James and Charlotte OC.

T in the Park was granted a late music license for 2014 which allows the music to continue until 1am instead of 12am like previous years. Music on Friday also started earlier this year, with the arena opening at lunch time instead of the regular 5pm start.

2015 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2015

In 2015 the festival was moved to brand new site, at Strathallan Castle. The first headline act to be announced were The Libertines and shortly after other headliners Kasabian and Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds, along with other acts including Jessie J, Avicii, Hozier, Sam Smith, The Vaccines, and Twin Atlantic.There has been a lot of negative feedback and media attention regarding the new site, with travel delays being a major issue.

2016 festival

Main article: T in the Park 2016

See also

  • Scotland portal
  • Music portal
  • List of electronic music festivals
  • List of music festivals


  1. ^ "Clumpas has success down to a T". BBC. 12 July 2000. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "T IN THE PARK v GLASTONBURY; T IN THE PARK". Daily Record. TheFreeLibrary.com. 10 July 2003. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Why I'm getting out of here". The Hearld. Scotland. 8 September 2001. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  4. ^ Martin Cloonan, Simon Frith (2010). Promoting Business – DF Concerts (PDF) (Report). University of Glasgow. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Ellis, Maureen (11 July 2013). "Geoff Ellis, the man who created T in the Park". Evening Times. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Traffic chaos hits T in the Park". BBC. 6 July 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Earlier camping for T in the Park". BBC. 14 February 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "The Worlds's Biggest Music Festivals". CNBC. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "T in the Park: facts and figures". The Herald. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Ferguson, Brian (26 February 2014). "T in the Park 2014 lineup revealed". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Pipeline concern for T in the park". BBC. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Error messages – The Courier – At the heart of Tayside and Fife". thecourier.co.uk. 
  13. ^ Ferguson, Brian (30 November 2016). "T in the Park's demise 'would be a victory for the neds'". The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  14. ^ Johnstone, Doug; Eaton, Andrew (5 July 2007). "Love, loathing and T in the Park". The Scotsman. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "About T Break – Tennent's T Break". Tennents.com. Retrieved 2014-06-20. 
  16. ^ "Crowds 'T'd up for park life". BBC News. 9 July 1999. 
  17. ^ a b "T tickets sell out in record time". BBC News Online. 17 February 2006. p. 1. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  18. ^ Johnston, Lisette (4 June 2006). "Last T in the Park tickets sell out in 10 minutes". The Scotsman. p. 1. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  19. ^ Vallely, Joanna (17 February 2006). "You'll have had your T! Tickets for festival sell out in morning". The Scotsman. p. 1. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  20. ^ "T In The Park tents sell out". NME. 27 February 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2009. 
  21. ^ "Eminem and Muse to headline T In The Park festival 2010". NME. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
  22. ^ "T In The Park festival 2010 sells out within 90 minutes". NME. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
  23. ^ "T In The Park Line-Up Announced". Xfm. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
  24. ^ http://www.blink182.com/blog/default.aspx?nid=35198
  25. ^ 4 May 2011 Last updated at 17:37 (2011-05-04). "BBC Newsbeat – Beyonce added to T in the Park festival bill this July". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-20. 
  26. ^ "News – News Articles 2014". T in the Park. Retrieved 2014-06-20. 
  27. ^ "T in the Park 2012 Tickets on Sale Tomorrow". P in the Dark. 2011-12-02. Retrieved 2014-06-20. 
  28. ^ Virtual Festivals: http://www.virtualfestivals.com. "T In The Park 2013 tickets on sale now". Virtualfestivals.com. Retrieved 2014-06-20. 

External links

  • T in The Park – official website
  • T in the Park site on Virtual Festivals

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