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The Grammy Awards were instituted in 1958 by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences to recognize excellence in recorded music.


Although subject to criticism since its inception, a Grammy is still the single most prestigious award a recording artist can receive.


The shows were more of an industry insider banquet from ‘58 through 1970 — in fact in the early years they were held in both New York and L.A. to accommodate both sides of the musical family.


But beginning in 1971 when they started to be televised, the closed banquet ceremony became a show business “show.”


No matter what you think of the Grammy winners, the list of nominees each year reflects at least some of the best music made each annum. Since most of the nominees in the major categories perform live at the ceremonies, and with some sort of additional artist tribute every year, there’s usually at least a performance or two from each show that really stands out.


One reason the show’s subject to criticism from so many angles is because it’s about music — not one genre of music. That’s both its strength and its curse. Any given show will feature pop and jazz, country and R&B, classical and rap. It’s not exactly niche programming. You have to have a pretty broad appreciation of music to sit through a 3-hour telecast, but that’s where your RockPeaks tree of hope comes in.  


Picking the best of anything is a precarious venture, especially when it comes to subjective  music, but you have to give it to the Academy — they aren't wrong too many times. If you read through the 50+ Songs of the Year that won Grammys, you're hard pressed to find a bad song in that list.  And for every Toto IV that won a Best Album, there's five other winning masterpieces that you have in your collection.  






Important Note:
From a RockPeaks point of view, every performance you see is done in front of that artist’s heroes, mentors, friends, enemies, and employers — oh and about 100 million people watching live around the world. It’s one of the hardest gigs in all of music to come out and be “on” for.


Gooey jammy Grammy Peaks . . .

In one of the first Grammy telecasts in 1973, with no less a rock legend than uh … Andy Williams hosting, there’s the mighty Staples Singers, “I’ll Take You There,” with Mavis Staples delivering on the promise and bringing the goods. If you wonder about the Grammy’s diversity, this is about as black & white as you can get.


Or for a more contemporary mixture of black and white, you can’t get any more stark than blond-haired Irish-pale Christina Aguilera doing the Godfather of Soul James Brown’s tribute at the Grammys shortly after he died in 2007. If you’ve already seen this performance, you know. If you haven’t, I hope you’re sitting down. We’re still waiting for some singer — any singer — to top this.


Another historic part of that same 2007 ceremony was how Grammy voters made a huge statement against George Bush and censorship by giving The Dixie Chicks a clean sweep of 5 Grammy including Best Album, Best Record and Best Song of the Year for Not Ready To Make Nice. As captured in the brilliant documentary “Shut Up and Sing,” the Chicks were kicked off of and banned from country radio — even though they had the #1 song in country at the time with Travelin’ Soldier — and were fending off death threats from homegrown right-wing terrorists — but they came back with this musical response that took the world and the Grammys by storm.


Or there’s Bob Dylan in 1980 in his gospel-meets-the-harmonica period doing a joyous Gotta Service Somebody to a spontaneous standing ovation, before accepting the Grammy for Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male, by a Right-handed Pitcher in the Second Game of Double Header, or whatever they call these long-titled awards.


One of the other treats of the Grammys is the red-hot carpet full of the hottest babes wearing the least clothes of any award show on television. And sometimes that carries over to the stage, like in 2002 with the classic Lady Marmalade, with Christina Aquilera, Lil’ Kim, Pink and Mya flaunting their prostitutes garters during one of the sexiest pop hits ever written. The song may be from a movie, but the Academy Awards ain’t puttin on no show like this.


But hot dancing and tingling singing isn’t restricted to babes, as Michael Jackson proved in 1988, when he debuted his new robotic moonwalking modern dance routine during The Way You Make Me Feel — the same song that Stevie Wonder broke down while singing at the R&R HoF Concert at MSG in 2009. Michael then lights into a chilling, show-stopping Man In The Mirror, probably the best song he ever wrote. The arrangement, the delivery and the transcendent refrain are why this guy is in pantheon.


Beyond any one other element, the Grammys area showcase for songwriting. There’s never a show where you know every song performed, and there’s never one where something unexpected doesn’t blow your mind and stay with you. In 1990, Mike & The Mechanics — yeah–who? You mean the bass player from Genesis has a band now? Gimme a break. And then he comes out and breaks your heart, and opens the waterworks for everyone who was ever cut off from a parent or child. The Living Years has such a omnipotent message delivered in such a hauntingly effective way, you’ve got to be the one already dead to not be wiped out by this.


1998 was one of those historic and memorable ceremonies. For one thing, Bob Dylan actually won Album of The Year — for the very first time — for his Time Out of Mind disk produced by Daniel Lanois. Plus, Radiohead won their Grammy for OK Computer. But on a performance level, the night was remembered for two unplanned events. One was Bob Dylan’s performance of Love Sick being joined by the “Soy Bomb” dancer. The other, was Luciano Pavarotti having to cancel at the last minute due to a sore throat, and the Queen of Soul, Miss Aretha Franklin, stepped in on literally a moment’s notice to sing Puccini’s Nessun Dorma aria to a stunned and then spontaneous standing ovation audience.


2006 was another banner year for both the Awards and the show. Green Day won Record of the Year. U2 won Song, and Album. John Legend was the Best New Artist. The White Stripes, Sonny Rollins, Les Paul, Jay-Z, Springsteen and the Black Eyed Peas all walked away with a Gramophone. But the show itself was a classic. Paul McCartney performed Helter Skelter. Sly Stone made his first public appearance in nearly 20 years! joining in an all-star tribute to Sly & The Family Stone, with Aerosmith Joss Stone, John Legend, Robert Randolph and a stage-ful of others. Alicia Keys joined Stevie Wonder for his powerful pop-gospel Higher Ground — U2 did "Vertigo," then had Mary J. Blige join them for One” — the whole night was full of unpredictable collaborations, but the Grammyrific combo of the night had to be Jay-Z (wearing a John Lennon New York City shirt) and Lincoln Park being joined by Sir Paul McCartney for a "Numb/Encore" — with that great line, “I’m rap’s Grateful Dead” → The Beatles’ “Yesterday” with Paul strolling out unannounced, linkin’ up these two foundations of music.



Rock Valleys


And of course, having been around for over 50 years, they’ve had their share of miscalls, miscues, and muddled performances.


Maybe Glen Campbell’s By The Time I Get To Phoenix wasn’t the VERY Best Album of 1969, nor Steely Dan’s Two Against Nature exactly the most lasting from 2001, but the single humiliation they’ve never been able to live down was voting Milli Vanilli Best New Artist in 1990. It was later retracted, but was a horrible blunder, a perfect storm of bad press, a Peewee Herman at the porno theater of humiliation. To the Grammys defense, in the years preceding they’d awarded Best New Artist to Tracy Chapman, Bruce Hornsby, and Sade, and in the years to follow to Arrested Development, Sheryl Crow, Lauryn Hill and the like — so it’s not like Grammy voters are completely out of it. But this 1990 blunder gave critics of the Awards a lifetime of ammunition and punch-lines.


Just as with so many awards over so many years they’ve been blessed with not too many disasters — so too with performances. Other than some momentary technical glitches or the occasional raspy voice, most giants deliver a passable-at-worst performance. And then there’s Bob.


In the midst of George Bush Sr.’s first Gulf War when political correctness and blind patriotism were theme of the times, Bob Dylan was given a Lifetime Achievement Award. A lot of people remember his speech when he accepted the Award from Jack Nicholson, saying, “it's possible to become so defiled in this world that your own father and mother will abandon you — and if that happens, God will always believe in your ability to mend your ways."


But not many remember his intentionally disguised and unintelligible Masters of War. The guy’s receiving his Lifetime Achievement Award, so he mumbles a monotone melody-less butchering that, after his hopeless Live Aid, solidifies his perception as a complete fuck-up.


But sometimes you have to throw the people trailing you off the scent for a while or you can’t cover ground as quickly.



Retrieved from Wikipedia:
Grammy Awards on Wikipedia
Grammy Awards
59th Annual Grammy Awards
Ted Jensen's 2002 Grammy.jpg
Awarded forOutstanding achievements in the music industry
CountryUnited States
Presented byThe Recording Academy
First awardedMay 4, 1959; 58 years ago (1959-05-04) (as Gramophone Award)
Television/Radio coverage
NetworkNBC (1959–1970)
ABC (1971–1972)
CBS (1973–present)
Most recent Grammy Award winners

A Grammy Award (originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an honor awarded by The Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the mainly English-language music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Emmy Awards (television), the Tony Awards (stage performance), and the Academy Awards (motion pictures).

The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, The Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The 59th Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 2015 to September 2016, was held on February 12, 2017, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles.


  • 1 History
  • 2 Gramophone trophy
  • 3 Categories
    • 3.1 2012 category restructuring
  • 4 Entry process and selection of nominees
  • 5 Final voting
  • 6 Venue
  • 7 Leading winners
  • 8 Criticism
  • 9 TV broadcasts and ratings
  • 10 The Grammys and record sales
  • 11 Notes and references
  • 12 External links


The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s.[1][2] As the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard. The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of what to call it; one working title was the Eddie, to honor the inventor of the phonograph, Thomas Edison. They finally settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958.[3][4][5]

The first award ceremony was held simultaneously in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, and Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City,[6] and 28 Grammys were awarded. The number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100.[7] The second Grammy Awards, also held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised,[8] but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971.[9]

Gramophone trophy

The gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado. In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander.[10] Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, which is trademarked.[11] The trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast.[12][13]

By February 2009, 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded.[14]


Main article: List of Grammy Award categories

The "General Field" are four awards which are not restricted by genre.

  • Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer.
  • Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer.
  • Song of the Year is awarded to the writer(s)/composer(s) of a single song.
  • Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist (which is not necessarily their first proper release).

The only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, and Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.

Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry.

Because of the large number of award categories (78 in 2012, 81 in 2013 and 82 in 2014), and the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - typically about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres (i.e. pop, rock, country, rap) - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast 'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast.

2012 category restructuring

On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012.[15] The number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields (pop, rock, R&B, country, and rap). Also, several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances.

In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries.

In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated. They now feature in one, general Best R&B Album category.

In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category.

The most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the consistently low number of entries for these categories, The Recording Academy decided to combine all these music variations into the new Best Regional Roots Music Album, including polka, which lost its own separate category in 2009.[16][17]

In the same genre field, the traditional and contemporary blues categories and the traditional and contemporary folk categories each were consolidated into one per genre, due to the number of entries and given the challenges in distinguishing between contemporary folk and Americana, and contemporary and traditional blues. In the world music genre field, the traditional and contemporary categories also merged.

In the classical genre field, its main category Best Classical Album was discontinued because most recipients in this category had also won in one of the other classical categories for the same album. Classical recordings are now eligible for the main Album of the Year category.

There were also a few minor name changes to better reflect the nature of the separate categories. It was determined by the Recording Academy that the word "gospel" in the gospel genre field tends to conjure up the images and sounds of traditional soul gospel and leaves out the current contemporary Christian music (CCM). Therefore, the genre field and some categories were renamed as Gospel/Contemporary Christian Music.[18]

Since 2012, there have been a small number of adjustments made to the list of categories and genre fields. The number of categories has gone up from 78 in 2012 to 84 in 2017.

Entry process and selection of nominees

Media companies registered with the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and individual members of NARAS (artists and other professionals working in the industry who meet certain criteria) may enter recordings for consideration. Entries are made online and a physical copy of the work is sent to NARAS. Once a work is entered, reviewing sessions are held, involving more than 150 experts from the recording industry, to determine whether the work is entered in the correct category.

The resulting lists of eligible entries are circulated to Voting Members, each of whom may vote to nominate in the general fields (Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist) and in no more than nine out of 30 other fields on their ballots. The five recordings that earn the most votes in each category become the nominees, while in some categories (craft and specialized categories) there are review committees in place that determine the final 5 nominees.[19] There may be more than five nominees if there is a tie in the nomination process.

Whereas members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences are generally invited to screenings or are sent DVDs of movies nominated for Oscars, NARAS members do not receive nominated recordings. Instead, they receive access to a private online listening function.

Final voting

After nominees have been determined, final voting ballots are sent to NARAS voting members, who may then vote in the general fields and in no more than nine of the 30 fields. Members are encouraged, but not required, to vote only in their fields of expertise. Ballots are tabulated secretly by the major independent accounting firm Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu.[20] Following the tabulation of votes the winners are announced at the Grammy Awards. The recording with the most votes in a category wins and it is possible to have a tie (in which case the two or more nominees who tie are all considered winners). Winners are presented with the Grammy Award and those who do not win are given a medal for their nomination.

In both voting rounds, Academy members are required to vote based upon quality alone, and not to be influenced by sales, chart performance, personal friendships, regional preferences or company loyalty. The acceptance of gifts is prohibited. Members are urged to vote in a manner that preserves the integrity of the Academy and their member community. Although registered media companies may submit entries they may not vote in either round of voting.

The eligibility period for the 59th Annual Grammy Awards is October 1, 2015 to September 30, 2016.


Main article: List of Grammy Award ceremony locations

Prior to 1971, the Grammy Award ceremonies were held in different locations on the same day. Originally New York City and Los Angeles were the host cities. Chicago joined being a host city in 1962, and then Nashville became the fourth location in 1965.

The 1971 ceremony, held at the Hollywood Palladium in Los Angeles, was the first to take place in one location. The ceremony was then moved to Madison Square Garden's Felt Forum in New York City, and then Nashville's Tennessee Theatre in the following two years. Then from 1974 to 2003, the Grammys were held in various venues in New York City and Los Angeles. Notable locations included New York City's Madison Square Garden and Radio City Music Hall; and Los Angeles's Shrine Auditorium, the Staples Center and the Hollywood Palladium.

In 2004, the Staples Center became the permanent home of the award ceremonies. The Grammy Museum was built across the street from Staples Center in LA Live to preserve the history of the Grammy Awards. Embedded on the sidewalks at the museum streets are bronze disks, similar to the Hollywood Walk of Fame, honoring each year's top winners, Record of the Year, Best New Artist, Album of the Year, and Song of the Year.

The awards ceremony forces the Los Angeles Kings, Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Clippers to play an extended length of road games.

Leading winners

Main article: Grammy Award records

With 31 Grammy Awards, Sir Georg Solti is the artist with the most Grammy wins.[21] Alison Krauss is the biggest winner among female artists with 27 awards.[22] U2, with 22 Grammy Awards, holds the record for most awards won by a group.[23]


The Grammy Awards has received criticism from various recording artists and music journalists.

When Pearl Jam won a Grammy in the category Best Hard Rock Performance in 1996, the band's lead singer Eddie Vedder commented on stage: "I don't know what this means. I don't think it means anything."[24] Glen Hansard, leader of the Irish rock group The Frames, stated in 2008 that the Grammys represent something outside of the real world of music "that's fully industry based." He said he wasn't that interested in attending that year's ceremony, even though he had been nominated for two different awards.[25] Maynard James Keenan, lead singer of metal band Tool, did not attend the Grammy Awards ceremony to receive one of their awards. He explained his reasons:

I think the Grammys are nothing more than some gigantic promotional machine for the music industry. They cater to a low intellect and they feed the masses. They don't honor the arts or the artist for what he created. It's the music business celebrating itself. That's basically what it's all about.[26]

They have also been criticized for generally awarding or nominating more commercially successful albums rather than critically successful albums.[27][28] In 1991, Sinead O'Connor became the first musician to refuse a Grammy, boycotting the ceremony after being nominated for Record of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, and Best Alternative Musical Performance. O'Connor would go on to win the latter category. She said that her reasoning came from the Grammys' extreme commercialism.[29]

In 2011, Los Angeles Times journalist Randall Roberts criticised the exclusion of Kanye West's My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy from Album of the Year category nominations for the 54th Grammy Awards. He described West's album as "the most critically acclaimed album of the year, a career-defining record".[30] Roberts went on to criticize the Grammy Awards for being "mired in the past" and out of touch with "new media" and trends amongs music listeners such as music sharing, stating:

The major nominations for the 54th annual awards clearly show that the recording academy has been working overtime to be all-inclusive, but more significantly, they also reveal a deep chasm between its goals and the listening habits of the general population... [T]he focus is still on the old music industry model of cash-cow hits, major label investments and commercial radio...[30]

In an article for Time, journalist Touré also responded to the snub and expressed his general displeasure with the awards, stating "I don't pretend to understand the Grammys. I have never been able to discern a consistent logic around who gets nominated or who gets statues. I comprehend the particular logic of the Oscars, but not the big awards for music. My normal state of confusion around what drives Grammy decisions was exponentialized this week when, to the shock of many, Kanye's masterpiece My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy was not nominated for a Grammy for Album of the Year."[31] He went on to compare understanding the Grammy Awards to Kremlinology and commented on The Recording Academy's exclusion of more "mature" hip hop albums as Album of the Year nominees, noting that it occasionally opts to nominate "pop-friendly" hip hop albums instead.[31]

In a 2011 profile for The New York Times following the 53rd Grammy Awards, frontman Justin Vernon of indie band Bon Iver was asked his opinion of the Grammys and how he would react to a nomination for his group, to which he responded,

You know I was thinking about that a couple of months ago, someone asked me that, and I was like "I would go and I would" – and I don't think the Bon Iver record is the kind of record that would get nominated for a Grammy – "I would get up there and be like, 'This is for my parents, because they supported me,' because I know they would think it would be stupid of me not to go up there. But I kinda felt like going up there and being like: "Everyone should go home, this is ridiculous. You should not be doing this. We should not be gathering in a big room and looking at each other and pretending that this is important." That's what I would say.[32]

He reaffirmed this sentiment and commented about the Grammys, saying:

[Ninety-eight] percent of the people in that room, their art is compromised by the fact that they're thinking that, and that they're hoping to get that award. And who is that award given by? It's like they think it's literally handed down by the musical-history gods. And I don't know who the voters are. Like, I have a friend who's a voter who was like, "I had to be a voter because I don't trust the other voters." And I was like, "Me either!" And it's just not important and people spend too much time thinking about it.[32]

Bon Iver subsequently received four nominations in November for the 54th Grammy Awards.[32] After winning the award, Vernon said in his acceptance, "It's really hard to accept this award. There's so much talent out here [...] and there's a lot of talent that's not here tonight. It's also hard to accept because you know, when I started to make songs I did it for the inherent reward of making songs, so I'm a little bit uncomfortable up here."[33]

In his article "Everything Is Praised Again", Jon Caramanica of The New York Times criticized Grammy voters for being "conservative" and disregarding more "forward-looking" music, and wrote in response to the 54th Grammy Awards, "for the umpteenth time, the Grammys went with familiarity over risk, bestowing album of the year honors (and several more) on an album that reinforced the values of an older generation suspicious of change."[34] He cited the Grammy successes of Lauryn Hill's The Miseducation (1999), Norah Jones' Come Away with Me (2003), and Adele's 21 (2011) as examples of "the Grammys droppa boatload of awards on a young female singer-songwriter and her breakthrough album." Of Kanye West's absence from the ceremony, Caramanica stated, "He didn't even bother to show up for the broadcast, which was well enough, because hip-hop was almost completely marginalized".[34]

In an article for The Huffington Post, music executive and author Steve Stoute criticized the Recording Academy and the Grammy Awards for having "lost touch with contemporary popular culture" and noted "two key sources" for it: "(1) over-zealousness to produce a popular show that is at odds with its own system of voting and (2) fundamental disrespect of cultural shifts as being viable and artistic."[35] Stoute accused them of snubbing artists with more cultural impact, citing respective losses by the critical and commercial successes in Eminem's The Marshall Mathers LP (2000) and Kanye West's Graduation (2007) in the Album of the Year category, and stated:

As an institution that celebrates artistic works of musicians, singers, songwriters, producers and technical specialists, we have come to expect that the Grammys upholds all of the values that reflect the very best in music that is born from our culture. Unfortunately, the awards show has become a series of hypocrisies and contradictions, leaving me to question why any contemporary popular artist would even participate. [...] While there is no doubt in my mind of the artistic talents of Steely Dan or Herbie Hancock, we must acknowledge the massive cultural impact of Eminem and Kanye West and how their music is shaping, influencing and defining the voice of a generation. It is this same cultural impact that acknowledged the commercial and critical success of Michael Jackson's Thriller in 1984.[35]

The Grammys' eligibility period – which runs from October 1 to September 30 each year[36] – is also a perennial source of complaints and confusion. Because records that drop in the last quarter of a given year are not eligible for that year's awards, fans often think a favorite artist has been snubbed (e.g., Adele, whose 25 was released in November 2015 and so was not nominated that year despite massive sales[37]). Conversely, the same issue means that the Grammys often recognize work that no longer feels current by the time it wins. Taylor Swift's 1989, for example, won Album of the Year in 2016, even though the album dropped in October 2014.[38]

The Grammys have also been criticized for being unfavorable and racist to black recording artists. Canadian artist Drake criticized the awards in a 2017 interview for seeing him only as a rapper and not as a pop-music artist because of his previous work and because of his heritage. He criticized the snubbing of "One Dance" for the prestigious award of Record of the Year and the nomination of "Hotline Bling" for Best Rap Song and Best Rap/Sung Performance despite it not being a rap song, using it as evidence of The Recording Academy only seeing black artists as capable of producing rap music.[39] During the 2017 show, Adele broke her trophy for Album of the Year in half onstage and gave half to Beyoncé, stating she felt that she didn't deserve to win over the latter's Lemonade. The Atlantic's Spencer Kornhaber accused the Grammys of "sidelining a black visionary work in favor of a white traditionalist one".[40]

TV broadcasts and ratings

Prior to the first live Grammys telecast in 1971 on ABC, a series of filmed annual specials in the 1960s called The Best on Record were broadcast on NBC. The first Grammy Award telecast took place on the night of November 29, 1959, as an episode of the NBC anthology series NBC Sunday Showcase, which was normally devoted to plays, original TV dramas, and variety shows. Until 1971, awards ceremonies were held in both New York and Los Angeles, with winners accepting at one of the two. Pierre Cossette bought the rights to broadcast the ceremony from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and organized the first live telecast.[41] CBS bought the rights in 1973 after moving the ceremony to Nashville, Tennessee; the American Music Awards were created for ABC (by Dick Clark) as a result.

The Recording Academy announced on June 21, 2011 that it had reached a new deal with CBS to keep the awards show on the network for another 10 years. As part of the new contract the network also airs a "nominations concert" special in the last week of November where the nominees are released during the special that is exclusive to CBS, rather than the traditional early-morning press conference with a release of the nominations seen with most major awards ceremonies which any network takes as part of a press pool. Beginning in 2006, the number of viewers was counted in live+SD.[42]

The Grammys and record sales

When the televised Grammys came into renown in 1975, a relationship between Grammy Award winners and subsequent record sales began.[56] Many articles of Billboard magazine communicate the commercial impact of winning a Grammy—improved record sales.[57]

However, it was not until after 1984 that Grammy recipients' records displayed a substantial increase in sales. This was largely due to an agreement made by NARAS and the National Association of Record Merchandisers (NARM). Under this agreement "record labels provided stickers, posters and other point-of-purchase material emblazoned 'Grammy Nominee' or 'Grammy Award Winner' that retailers could use in order to improve marketing effects."[56]

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Hollywood Walk of Fame History". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 21, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Hollywood Walk of Fame History". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved May 21, 2011. 
  3. ^ Thomas, Bob (April 8, 1959). "Record Academy Plans TV Spectacular of Its Own". Ocala Star-Banner. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Recording Stars Plan Eddie To Join Oscar And Emmy". The Deseret News. August 9, 1957. Retrieved February 2, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Bronze Stars Begot Grammy". The Robesonian. February 22, 1976. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Grammy Awards 1959 (May)". Grammy. 
  7. ^ "Grammys history and winners through the years". Los Angeles Times. January 28, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Grammy Awards 1959". Grammy. 
  9. ^ "Grammy Awards 1971". Grammy. 
  10. ^ "Making the Grammy". 2006. Retrieved August 28, 2010. 
  11. ^ Williams, Nick (February 13, 2016). "And the Grammy Comes From...". Billboard. 128 (4): 56–57. 
  12. ^ "About Billings Artworks". 2006. Archived from the original on April 23, 2010. Retrieved August 28, 2010. 
  13. ^ Best, Tamara. "How the Grammy Awards Are Made: 4 Craftsmen and 'Grammium'". New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Neil Portnow's 50th Grammy's Telecast Remarks". grammy com. February 10, 2008. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2010. 
  15. ^, 6 June 2011
  16. ^ "Grammy board axes polka category to stay 'relevant and responsive'". CBC News. June 4, 2009. Archived from the original on June 10, 2009. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  17. ^ Sisario, Ben (June 5, 2009). "Polka Music Is Eliminated as Grammy Award Category". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. p. C5. Retrieved October 18, 2010. 
  18. ^ Grammy announcement, 6 April 2011
  19. ^ "Grammy Awards Voting Process". Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Grammy Awards Voting Process". grammy com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved August 28, 2010. 
  21. ^ Tommasini, Anthony (February 23, 2003). "Music: the Grammys/Classical; Fewer Records, More Attention". The New York Times. Retrieved August 28, 2010. 
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External links

  • Official website
  • Grammy Awards winners at (searchable database)
  • CBS: Grammys Official broadcast for Grammys

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